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Each committee member will have been given a completed copy of the dissertation prior to the defense, and will come prepared to ask questions about the thesis itself and the subject matter. At universities on the British pattern it is not uncommon for theses at the viva stage to be subject to major revisions in which a substantial rewrite is required, sometimes followed by a new viva.
The undergraduate theses are called uppsats, sometimes examensarbete, especially at technical programmes. Specific undergraduate courses, especially writing-intensive courses or courses taken by upperclassmen, may also require one or more extensive written assignments referred to variously as theses, essays, or papers.
Application outcomes are usually provided within three to four weeks after the relevant application closing date. The defense is called a soutenance.
Once candidates have published their written dissertations, they will be evaluated by two external academics evaluadores externos and subsequently it is usually exhibited publicly for fifteen natural days.
Most of the norms and rules of writing a thesis or a dissertation are influenced by the French higher education system. According to a committee resolution, the dissertation can be approved or rejected by an academic committee consisting of the thesis director, the thesis coordinator, and at least one evaluator from another recognized university in which the student is pursuing his or her academic program.