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By the s he was largely forgotten except to historians, but Felix Mendelssohn revived Bach's 'St Matthew Passion', and musicians steadily rediscovered his extraordinary body of work. Few cantatas apart from the secular BWV can be ascribed to these early Weimar years.

Franck had provided.

why is johann sebastian bach important in music history

He was then succeeded by his son, who was rather a nonentity. If he did, J.

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After returning to Arnstad, he began composing long organ preludes. It was temporarily dispelled by the tact of the new rector, Johann Matthias Gesner , who admired Bach and had known him at Weimar; but Gesner stayed only until and was succeeded by Johann August Ernesti, a young man with up-to-date ideas on education , one of which was that music was not one of the humanities but a time-wasting sideline. He left Arnstadt about 18 October, and was therefore due to be back, or well on his way back, by about November 15; he would thus have been unable to hear even the first of D. Bach's family As with many things in Bach's life, family was everything. Their relations did not deteriorate, as Spitta supposed; in Bach negotiated on J. In , he landed his first job as a musician at the court of Duke Johann Ernst in Weimar. On March 2, , he became concertmaster, with the duty of composing a cantata every month. Bach was particularly attracted to the Italian style, in which one or more solo instruments alternate section-by-section with the full orchestra throughout a movement. This was one of the dozens of private societies in the major German-speaking cities that were established by musically active university students; these societies had become increasingly important in public musical life and were typically led by the most prominent professionals in a city. In fact, botched surgery on his eyes by the English ocular specialist John Taylor reportedly caused Bach's death in Early Career Bach had a growing reputation as a great performer, and it was his great technical skill that landed him the position of organist at the New Church in Arnstadt. This decrease in importance, plus Bach's concern over his children's education, led him to look for another position in a strong Lutheran area. Consisting mainly of recycled movements from cantatas written over a thirty-five-year period, it allowed Bach to survey his vocal pieces one last time and pick select movements for further revision and refinement. Bach also started work on the Little Organ Book in Weimar, containing traditional Lutheran chorale tunes set in complex textures. As his last board and lodging allowance was paid to Feldhaus, he probably spent at least that year in either the Golden Crown or the Steinhaus, both of which belonged to Feldhaus.

This was probably the only occasion on which the then nine-year-old Sebastian met J. Thus at Halle he could expect a slightly smaller salary than he was already getting; the attraction was the organ, more than twice as large.

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It so impressed the council that the music was printed and put into the city records. Bach replied that if a musical director were appointed, he would be willing enough.

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That seems to imply that the two were on friendly terms; it is likelier that they became so between and than at any later date. In Bach became upset when he was not offered the opportunity to replace the duke's court conductor, who had died.

Furthermore, the authorities insisted on admitting unmusical boys to the school, thus making it difficult for Bach to keep his churches supplied with competent singers; they also refused to spend enough money to keep a decent orchestra together.

Bach's Brandenburg Concertos: a musical job application Normally, job applications tend to involve a lot of CV-massaging and begging letters. The birthday was in August, and payments made during that month presumably refer to the performance.

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Johann Sebastian Bach ()