Why rome fell

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effects of the fall of the roman empire

Toynbee and James Burke argue that the entire Imperial era was one of steady decay of institutions founded in republican times, while Theodor Mommsen excluded the imperial period from his Nobel Prize-winning History of Rome — It is agreed that depopulation of the West was a major occurrence, though how severe it was is still debated.

Starting with the titles, the emperor of Rome had the title of Pontifex Maximus, chief priest. It didn't help matters that political amateurs were in control of Rome in the years leading up to its fall. Although he was not necessarily a Christian himself he wasn't baptized until he was on his deathbedhe gave Christians privileges and oversaw major Christian religious disputes.

There is no simple answer to how, when and why the greatest power of the ancient world vanished. Too often the strong centre required to govern such large territories was simply missing. The more shaky wooden stairs a family had to climb, the cheaper the rent became.

To make up for the lack of money, the government began producing more coins with less silver content.

10 reasons for the fall of rome

At one time, the emperor was importing grain to feed more than , people in Rome alone. With his position thus strengthened he declared Stilicho a public enemy, and he established Alaric as magister militum per Illyricum. Military, financial, and political ineffectiveness: the process of failure The ineffectiveness of Roman military responses from Stilicho onwards has been described as "shocking", [85] with little evidence of indigenous field forces or of adequate training, discipline, pay, or supply for the barbarians who formed most of the available troops. Photo Credit This theory has been heavily debated. Indeed, even after barbarians settled all of the Western Empire they still lived in a very Roman fashion in many places. The old 5,man frontier legions were reduced in size, as were all garrison commands on the frontiers—again to keep usurpers from mustering large military units. Alcohol use increased as well adding to the incompetency of the general public. As money grew tight, the government hired the cheaper and less reliable Germanic soldiers to fight in Roman armies. But the Christian belief in one god — who was not the emperor — weakened the authority and credibility of the emperor. Those living under its rule had no doubt that they were Roman. Before the reign of Marcus Aurelius the western Roman empire had experienced few serious civil wars. While the eastern empire was not entirely free of threats posed by usurpers, the few civil conflicts there were were short-lived and mostly ended in victory for the imperial rulers.

Anyone who could not pay the rent was forced to move out and live on the crime-infested streets. But since the Romans relied so much on human and animal labor, they failed to invent many new machines or find new technology to produce goods more efficiently. Being the Roman emperor had always been a particularly dangerous job, but during the tumultuous second and third centuries it nearly became a death sentence.

The Byzantine Emperors ruled as Roman Emperors, and the people behaved as Romans, still obsessed with chariot races and grand buildings.

Barbarians now fought to keep other barbarians from entering the empire.

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8 Reasons Why Rome Fell